The marketable debt of the U.S. government has more than doubled–climbing by 106 percent–while President Barack Obama has been in office, increasing from $5,749,916,000,000 at the end of January 2009 to $11,825,322,000,000 at the end of January 2014, according to the U.S. Treasury’s latest Monthly Statement of the PublicDebt.
During the eight-year presidency of George W. Bush, the marketable debt of the U.S. government almost doubled–climbing 93 percent–from $2,977,328,000,000 at the end of January 2001 to $5,749,916,000,000 at the end of January2009.
During the time that Bush and Obama have been in office, the marketable debt of the U.S. government has nearly quadrupled, increasing by$8,847,994,000,000.
However, despite the massive increase in the government’s marketable debt during Bush’s eight years, Obama managed to accumulate more additional marketable debt in his first five years in office than all the presidents who precededcombined.
The marketable debt of the U.S. government includes all debt securities sold by the U.S. Treasury that can be held by individuals, corporations or other entities outside the U.S. government and that can be sold in the secondarymarket.
It does not include money the Treasury has borrowed out of government trust funds—such as the Social Security Trust Fund—to spend on other government expenses when those trust funds were runningsurpluses.
The marketable debt of the U.S. government now includes Treasury bills, which mature in 52 weeks or less; Treasury notes, which have maturities between 2 and 10 years; Treasury bonds, which mature in 30 years; Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS), which have maturities of 5, 10 and 30 years; and Floating Rate Notes (FRNs), which are sold on 2-yearterms.
At the end of January 2009, the month Obama took office, the marketable debt of the U.S. government was $5,749,916,000,000, according the Treasury’s Monthly Statement of the Public Debt. This included $1,792,889,000,000 in Treasury bills held by the public; $2,825,174,000,000 in Treasury notes held by the public; $591,174,000,000 in Treasury bonds; and $516,209,000,000 inTIPS.
It also included $23,754,000,000 in marketable Treasury bills, notes, bonds, TIPS and Federal Financing Bank notes that, according to the Treasury, were held by federalagencies.
In addition to the $5,749,916,000,000 in marketable debt as of the end of January 2009, the Treasury also reported $4,882,164,000,000 in nonmarketable debt owed by the government at that time, including $4,291,027,000,000 in nonmarketable intragovernmentaldebt.
By the end of January 2014, the marketable debt of the U.S. government had increased to $11,825,322,000,000. This included $1,484,438,000,000 in Treasury bills held by the public; $7,922,464,000,000 in Treasury notes held by the public; $1,421,110,000,000 in Treasury bonds held by the public; $959,058,000,000 in TIPS held by the public, and $15,000,000,000 in FRNs held by the public. There was also $23,252,000,000 in marketable debt held by governmentagencies.
In addition to the $11,825,322,000,000 in marketable debt as of the end of January 2014, the Treasury also reported $5,467,698,000,000 in nonmarketable debt, including $4,961,625,000,000 in nonmarketable intragovernmentaldebt.
From January 2009 to January 2014, the marketable debt of the U.S. government increased $6,075,406,000,000—or about106%
The Federal Reserve is now the largest owner of the U.S. government’s marketable debt. As of Feb. 12, 2014, according to the Fed’s latest balance sheet, the Fed owned $2,261,099,000,000 in U.S. Treasurysecurities.
Entities in the People’s Republic of China are the second largest owners of the U.S. government’s marketable debt. As of the end of December, according to data released by the U.S. Treasury today, the Chinese owned $1,268,900,000,000 in U.S. Treasury securities—down from $1,316,700,000,000 at the end ofNovember.
In January 2014, according to the Treasury, the U.S. paid an average interest rate of only 1.998 percent on its marketable debt. In January 2009, when Obama took office, the Treasury was paying an average interest rate of 3.116 percent on its marketable debt; and, in January 2001, when President George W. Bush took office, the Treasury was paying an average interest rate of 6.620 percent on its marketabledebt.
That means that the average interest rate on the U.S. government’s marketable debt is currently less than a third of what it was in 2001—when the U.S. had only $2,977,328,000,000 in marketable debt, or about 25 percent of the marketable debt it hasnow.
Also in January 2001, the Federal Reserve owned only $518,441,000,000 in U.S. Treasury securities, or about 23 percent of what it ownsnow.