A concussion is a serious type of traumatic brain injury and can occur during physical activities like sports and other games kids play on a daily basis. The word concussion is a Latin word “concutere” meaning to shake violently. According to the Center for Diseases Control (CDC), approximately 173,285 people of the ages below 19 were treated for concussions. Most of the cases were associated with sports and recreational activities. How to spot the symptoms in your child could save their lives.
How does a concussion occur?
Our brains are made up of soft tissue. The tissue is cushioned by the spinal fluid and hid in the protective shell of the skull. When a person is struck by a concussion, the effect can shock the brain and sometimes cause it to move around a person’s head. In most cases, traumatic brain injuries may result in damage to the blood vessels, bruising and nerve injuries. As a child’s brain is developing, these traumatic injuries can be damaging to the rest of his or her life if medical help is not sought quickly.
What are the Symptoms of a concussion?
The signs and symptoms of a concussion are subtle and sometimes can reveal themselves immediately. The symptoms can last for days, weeks or even take a longer period before being noticed. The following are the common symptoms of a concussion.
Headache/feeling pressure in the head
This is one of the most common symptoms of a concussion. A person who has been affected by the condition feels from a mild to a severe headache. This is as a result of the damage or injury caused to the brain.
The mildness or severity of the headache is often determined by the effect caused brought by the concussion to the brain. For instance, if a child was engaged in an extreme sport or strenuous exercise, then they are also likely to experience a severe headache.
Temporary loss of consciousness
This is also a common sign or symptom of a concussion. Since the brain is involved in the coordination of almost all the functioning of the body, any slight interference with it can bring things into a temporary halt. Those who are affected by a concussion may temporarily lose their consciousness because of the effects it has on the brain.
One of the main functions of the brain is processing sensory information and regulating blood pressure. However, if when there’s any internal or external interference, then it won’t be able to execute its functions properly. That’s why an individual who has been affected by a concussion may experience temporary loss of consciousness. If this ever happens, call 911 and let them know, as it should be monitored by a doctor as soon as possible.
Nausea and Dizziness
This is also another common symptom of a concussion. The child may feel dizzy because of the effect of the injury caused to the brain. Since the brain is surrounded by soft tissues, any strong external force subjected to the head is likely to affect it. This means that the brain will not be able to effectively coordinate the activities in the body which results in dizziness and nausea to an individual.
Ringing ears is the sensation or feeling of hearing a buzzing, hissing, ringing, whistling, chirping or other sounds. The noise may be intermittent or continuous and differ in terms of loudness. Although ringing ears can be caused by other conditions such as hearing loss or blockages in the ear, a concussion has been found to cause it as well.
The brain plays a critical role in the proper functioning of most of the organs in the body. This implies that any moment it’s not functioning properly everything else goes into confusion. However, the condition can disappear after treatment has been admitted. If your child is complaining of ringing in his or her ears and a headache after a big game, a fall, or any head contact call a doctor.
Amnesia surrounding the event
Amnesia is a deficit that often comes as a result of brain damage. When a concussion occurs it causes injuries to the brain structures that form the limbic system – that controls our memories as well as emotions. That means that a person with the concussion condition is likely to forget what happened when he or she got injured or any event prior to that experience.
In general, a concussion condition affects many people across the world and kids can be very susceptible them. Other signs and symptoms include vomiting, slurred speech, fatigue, confusion among others.