Parents of teen drivers believe teens are obeying the letter of the law when it comes to graduated driver licensing (GDL) laws. As it turns out, what parents think – or hope – and what teens report actually doing don’t match up according to a new survey conducted by State Farm. As it turns out, what parents think – or hope – and what teens report actually doing don’t match up according to a new survey conducted by State Farm.
GDL laws are an experience-based method for beginning drivers in which driving privileges are introduced in phases. States began enacting GDL laws in the mid 1990’s. The objective of GDL is to keep teens out of high-risk driving situations while permitting them to gain on-road experience in low-risk environments.
In June, State Farm surveyed a sample of 500 parents of teen drivers and an independent sample of 500 teen drivers, asking for their take on parental monitoring and graduated driver licensing laws—if teens follow the laws and the reasons why they do so.
Key survey findings include:
Parents overestimate how much teens obey two key provisions of GDL laws:
- Nighttime driving – 69 percent of parents believe their teen driver almost always follows restrictions while less than half (48 percent) of teens admit to almost always following this law.
- Passenger restrictions – 70 percent of parents believe their teen driver almost always obeys this life-saving statute while only 43 percent of teens state they almost always follow this restriction.
Teens and Parents have different beliefs about why teens do or do not obey GDL laws:
- Peer pressure vs. the police: Parents listed peer pressure as the most likely reason teens do not follow GDL laws (34 percent), whereas teens listed thinking police will not catch them as the most likely reason (32 percent).
- Safety first: Parents were significantly more likely than teens to list “safety” as the most important reason to follow GDL laws (89 percent vs. 51 percent, respectively).
Parents were significantly more likely to report they almost always monitor if their teens obey the GDL laws, but teens disagreed:
- Parents were significantly more likely than teens to state teens will obey the driving restrictions due to parental monitoring (87 percent vs. 56 percent, respectively).
- For nighttime restrictions, 66 percent of parents said they almost always monitor if their teen obeys the restriction while only 32 percent of teens stated their parents almost always monitor their adherence to that law.
- For passenger restrictions, 65 percent of parents said they almost always monitor their teens and only 27 percent of teens state their parents almost always monitor their adherence to the law.
“GDL laws are effective tools in reducing the crash risk of new drivers,” said Chris Mullen, Director of Technology Research at State Farm. “Passenger and nighttime restrictions are essential to any successful GDL law. It is concerning to see a majority of teens admit not adhering to these laws; but perhaps more concerning to learn some parents may be unaware of their teen’s behaviors. We know through past research, parental involvement is key to keeping teens safe on our roadways.”
Parents and Teens agree texting while driving is unsafe:
Seventy-two percent of teens stated they almost always obey texting ban laws, substantially higher than any other GDL provision. Though significantly more parents think their teens almost always obey this law (82 percent), both teens and parents perceive this GDL provision as the most widely obeyed.
“Over the past two decades, some form of GDL has been passed in every state and teen crash fatalities have dropped substantially, but more still needs to be done to save lives,” said Kendell Poole, Chairman, Governors Highway Safety Association. “Parents play a key role in enforcing and monitoring GDL laws and helping teens become safe drivers. Parents should not rely solely on GDL to instill good driving habits; they have to step up as well.”
“My brother was in a car crash as a teen and was saved by his seat belt. Ever since then, my parents and I have known how important being a safe driver and following the GDL laws are to keeping me safe on the road,” said Arkansas native Raygan Sylvester, 17. “That’s why at school and on social media, I make it a priority to spread the word about safe driving.”
For years, State Farm, along with other safety advocates, has worked to protect teens on our roadways knowing the number one killer of teens is car crashes. “Through programs like our Celebrate My Drive® and our continued work towards stronger laws, enforcement, education, and awareness, we are using the correct comprehensive approach to save lives,” Mullen shared.