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By Fred Dawkins, author of Everyday Entrepreneur, Special for USDR
The most important skill you can learn today is the ability to create and manage your own career. We live in a world where globalization and technology combine to guarantee that the one constant we face is rapid change. There is no room for prison thinking as the status quo must constantly be challenged to ensure that we stay competitive. The most important characteristics for individuals, organizations and countries alike are resilience and adaptability. These are the key characteristics of entrepreneurs.
Unfortunately the prevailing stereotypes of entrepreneurs discourage many people from embracing the idea. Most of our perceptions about entrepreneurship stem from two specific types:
First are the misfits; those who either can’t fit in or don’t choose to embrace the norm. These are the rebels characterized as risk takers or gamblers. They convey the image of success achieved through reckless risk, initial failures and inherent natural instincts that allow them to succeed in areas that most won’t try.
The second high profile type is the tech entrepreneur immersed in the world of venture capital, an area typified by high risk, a high rate of failure and exceptional rewards for success. This is sphere that gives us most of the buzz words attributed to entrepreneurship such as accelerators, incubators and burn rate. The latter tells you when you will run out of funds so identifies the point at which you need and hope to have an investor. It’s a little like bungee jumping, hoping that someone will come along and tie your rope securely before you hit the ground but you leap anyway.
Together these two stereotypes re-enforce the perception that above all else entrepreneurs are risk takers whose success is tempered by failure. As a result of such typecasting many good projects never see the light of day while others fail by taking risks that can’t be justified.
These are but two forms of a wide range of entrepreneurial types but unfortunately they get most of the attention. Regardless they are far removed from the everyday entrepreneurs who provide the engine that drives the economy and the stimulus that creates jobs locally when big business is preoccupied chasing profits around the globe. In the broader circle the critical terms are practical; words like bootstrapping and the lean startup. Words grounded in reality and pragmatism. Hope is not the prevailing sentiment. Being proactive is critical. These mainstream entrepreneurs certainly take risks. The risk and reward dichotomy are joined at the hip. No doubt the greater the risk the greater the reward and the higher the chance of failure. Most successful entrepreneurs know how to manage their risk. Failure is far from a prerequisite. Learn from it if you must but avoid it if you can through anticipation, resilience and adaptability. Entrepreneurs are not defined by the risk that they take but rather by the results that they achieve. They are problem solvers who make things happen.
So what does it take to become an everyday entrepreneur? Is this a skill that can be learned or does it just come naturally? Do you have to work 24/7 and sacrifice your personal life to be successful? Is it all about the mystique or is there a formula to follow? Since this is a lifestyle about embracing change and becoming adaptable a formula is hardly appropriate. The key starting point is the philosophy. Becoming an entrepreneur is far more about the mindset than the skillset. Entrepreneurship is entirely about finding a way not knowing the way. In a modern world where new data is being generated at an alarming rate how much of what we know do we actually understand? Entrepreneurs never become preoccupied with whether they can accomplish something but spend their time and effort looking for solutions. The question ‘if’ doesn’t come up. Instead they ignore it moving immediately to ‘how’. They don’t have all the answers but they are dogged in their determination to solve the issue at hand. This is certainly a belief and an approach that can be taught and quite effectively. Entrepreneurship can be taught, it should be taught and it is starting to be taught. Colleges and Universities across the country are rushing to find the best ways to spread the word.
Does this mentality mean a 24/7 workaholic lifestyle? That’s a very personal choice but a bad one if you choose it. You may well work long hours during your startup phase when you are the generalist wearing every possible hat and passing through a learning curve that will prepare you for the next phase. You will also work those same long hours when you hit a bump in the road, a major threat and/or opportunity that needs your full attention. However, if you continue to do this as your regular routine, once you complete the startup stage, you are making mistakes that will limit both your life and your business. Either you are not building your team properly or you have become a control freak unable to delegate. In either case you and your business will suffer. In the end you will have regrets. Finding balance, admittedly a subjective decision is critical. Remember the most important human resource in your company is you. So find ways to take vacation; pay yourself fairly, attend courses and travel. Don’t let your business outgrow you.
In addition to determination the other essential ingredient for everyday entrepreneurs is opportunity. All ideas are not opportunities and every opportunity is not viable. Having ideas makes you a dreamer; converting them into reality makes you into an entrepreneur. This does not mean you have to be an innovator. For every innovation there are thousands of entrepreneurs who find applications in the process solving a wide range of problems in the business world. Experience helps you identify opportunity. Empathy can help because it makes you sensitive to problems that exist for others. Most opportunities do start with problems; the bigger the problem the higher the reward for solving it. That’s another aspect of the entrepreneurial mindset – every problem is an opportunity. You do have to be vigilant. All opportunities are not created equally but you have to make the best of what is available. Waiting for just the right one is like waiting for the winning lottery ticket. Often people just don’t see the possibilities but they are always some there if you are looking.
There are many other elements of being an everyday entrepreneur but determination and opportunity constitute the foundation. Most important don’t undervalue what you do. We need to value entrepreneurship at all levels, not just the superheroes like Steve Jobs. If running a business is not for you, work on that entrepreneurial mindset. Job stability is fleeting so manage the business of your career by making good decisions and taking jobs that build your personal brand. Every business today is placing new value on disruptors. These are people who challenge the status quo. Be entrepreneurial in your thinking, you won’t be sorry.
Fred Dawkins is a serial entrepreneur with over 40 years’ experience and achievements in manufacturing, retail, land development, consulting and import/export. He holds a B Com in commerce and finance and a M.A. in economics from the University of Toronto. His business has allowed him to travel extensively, giving him insight into the emerging global economy and making him a passionate advocate of entrepreneurship in the 21st century.
Everyday Entrepreneur [Dundurn Press] is the first book in Dawkins’ Entrepreneurial Edge series, and is currently available at all booksellers, including Amazon.com, Amazon.ca, Barnes & Noble and Chapters Indigo. His novel, 2020 Hindsight, explores major contradictory trends in society in a compelling contemporary fiction narrative, and is forthcoming as an e-book on Amazon.com.