Water comprises 75% of the total body of a child and 60% of the adult body. The percentages show how essential proper hydration is for human survival. Studies show that you can only survive for three days without water. Thirst is an indication that your body needs to hydrate. Without it, your body would be prone to periods of dehydration which is unhealthy.
You lose water every day through sweating, urination, defecation, and breathing. The amount of urine you excrete per day is a significant determinant of your hydration status. Lower amounts of urine directly correspond to dehydration. Your body can lack proper hydration due to an illness that causes fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. Excessive sweating and urination also make you lose significant amounts of water, causing dehydration.
What is IV hydration?
Intravenous hydration is the administration of fluids through an injection to the veins. There are different kinds of hydration fluids depending on your needs; sterile saline solutions or solutions of glucose are most common. It involves inserting the needle end of an IV line into a vein with the other end containing a bag of fluids, which hangs over your head.
Uses of IV hydration.
Your doctors may recommend IV hydration or various reasons:
To treat dehydration.
Intravenous hydration is primarily used in cases of moderate to severe dehydration. Mild dehydration can be solved by drinking water and taking oral fluids such as over the counter hydration fluids or sports drinks containing electrolytes. Failure to treat dehydration can lead to death. Intravenous hydration is particularly crucial to children because they are prone to dehydration when sick and can have difficulties drinking fluids.
Before recommending intravenous hydration, doctors will diagnose you with symptoms of dehydration and do some few tests. Tests likely to be done are urine and blood tests. Symptoms of dehydration include palpitations, dry skin, rapid breathing, and low blood flow to your toes and fingers.
To treat electrolyte imbalance.
Electrolyte imbalance refers to the changes in the normal levels of electrolytes in your body. The two main electrolytes that have been reported to cause electrolyte imbalance are sodium and potassium. Intravenous hydration is used to treat electrolyte imbalance because the fluids administered contain electrolytes. Although electrolyte imbalance can be caused by dehydration, there are other causes such as lack of a proper diet, kidney disease, heart disease, liver disease, and eating disorders such as bulimia.
Benefits of IV hydration.
Intravenous therapy is commonly used to treat dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. However, IV hydration therapy has additional benefits to your body that include:
It boosts your immune system.
The body can have a hard time healing from mild infections such as the flu, when your immune system is inadequate in fighting infections. Similarly, you will experience slow healing of wounds due to an insufficient immune system. IV hydration contains vitamins and minerals that help your body to fight infections.
It also boosts recovery from physical activities such as marathons.
It flushes toxins from your body.
IV hydration promotes detoxification. Toxins such as alcohol can cause electrolyte imbalance either directly or indirectly through liver cirrhosis. Intravenous fluids correct the imbalance. Dehydration also causes the accumulation of toxins in your body by limiting the amount of urine or sweat that you secrete.
It promotes healthy skin.
Dehydration leaves your skin feeling dry and wrinkly. Your eyes, mouth, and lips also dry up. IV hydration therapy hydrates your skin, making it firm, supple, and healthy.
It boosts your energy.
Dehydration and an imbalance in your electrolytes cause you to feel fatigued. You become unable to complete daily tasks such as cleaning without feeling exhausted, panting, and wanting to rest after every few minutes. Intravenous fluids energize you and enable you to carry out your daily tasks.
Side effects of IV hydration.
Intravenous hydration therapy is associated with few side effects making it generally safe for use in people who need it. Common side effects are pain at the injection site and infection of the site. The infection is easy to treat using antibiotics. The vein can also collapse if the IV line is left for an extended period.