NAM: New EPA Ozone Regulations Could Be Costliest in U.S. History


A new study by NERA Economic Consulting and commissioned by the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) reveals that a more stringent ozone standard from the Obama Administration could reduce GDP by $270 billion per year and carry a compliance price tag of $2.2 trillion from 2017 to 2040, increasing energy costs and placing millions of jobs at risk. At this price, the NAM estimates that it would be the most expensive regulation the U.S. government has ever issued.

In total, the study finds that revising the ozone standard from 75 parts per billion (ppb) to 60 ppb could:

  • Reduce U.S. GDP by $270 billion per year and $3.4 trillion from 2017 to 2040;
  • Result in 2.9 million fewer job equivalents per year on average through 2040;
  • Cost the average U.S. household $1,570 per year in the form of lost consumption; and
  • Increase natural gas and electricity costs for manufacturers and households across the country.

“Manufacturing in the United States is making a comeback, and we’re reducing emissions at the same time, but tightening the current ozone standard to near unachievable levels would serve as a self-inflicted wound to the U.S. economy at the worst possible time,” said NAM President and CEO Jay Timmons. “This rule would undermine our work to expand manufacturing in the United States, making it almost impossible to increase operations, create new jobs or keep pace internationally.”

“We are rapidly approaching a point where we are requiring manufacturers to do the impossible,” added NAM Vice President of Energy and Resources Policy Ross Eisenberg. “The EPA is considering setting ozone levels below what exists at national parks, such as Yellowstone and Denali. It is vital that the Obama Administration allow existing ozone standards to be implemented rather than move the goalposts with another set of requirements for manufacturers. Trillions of dollars are at stake.”

“This study uses the most up-to-date available EPA information and a state-of-the-art model of the economy to assess the compliance costs and economic impacts of a stricter ozone standard, concluding, as the EPA did in 2010, that the costs would be enormous,” said NERA Economic Consulting Senior Vice President and Environment Practice Co-Chair Dr. David Harrison. “The EPA needs to greatly expand the scope of its analyses if it is to thoroughly assess the cost and impacts of a revised ozone standard.”

President Obama halted the EPA’s most recent proposal to modify the federal ozone standard in 2011, citing “regulatory burdens and uncertainty.” With so much at stake for the manufacturing sector with new regulatory requirements on greenhouse gas rules and planned ozone rules, the NAM will conduct a broad education campaign in key states during the August congressional recess and throughout the fall to increase understanding of the issue and its impacts on states and municipalities.

To read the executive summary of the study, click here. To view a video message on the new study from Timmons, click here.  For more information, visit

The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) is the largest manufacturing association in the United States, representing small and large manufacturers in every industrial sector and in all 50 states. Manufacturing employs more than 12 million men and women, contributes $2.08 trillion to the U.S. economy annually, has the largest economic impact of any major sector and accounts for two-thirds of private-sector research and development. The NAM is the powerful voice of the manufacturing community and the leading advocate for a policy agenda that helps manufacturers compete in the global economy and create jobs across the United States. For more information about the Manufacturers or to follow us on Shopfloor, Twitter and Facebook, please visit

NERA Economic Consulting is a global firm of experts dedicated to applying economic, finance and quantitative principles to complex business and legal challenges. For over half a century, NERA’s economists have been creating strategies, studies, reports, expert testimony and policy recommendations for government authorities and the world’s leading law firms and corporations. NERA brings academic rigor, objectivity and real-world industry experience to bear on issues arising from competition, regulation, public policy, strategy, finance and litigation.

All opinions expressed on USDR are those of the author and not necessarily those of US Daily Review.

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